Information for speakers
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|September 21||Charles Elkan||Introduction and overview|
|September 28||Clark Glymour||Freud and contemporary cognitive science||Cognitive Parts: From Freud to Farah, Chapter 10
of The Mind's Arrows: Bayes Nets and Graphical Causal Models in Psychology
by Clark Glymour, 2001
Freud's Androids by Clark Glymour, in the Cambridge Companion to Freud edited by Jerome Neu, Cambridge University Press, 1992
|October 5||Lev Manovich||Information Theory, Human-Machine Systems and the Birth of Cognitive Science, or from "Human Motor" to "Human Information Processing"||Selections
from Chapter 4, The Engineering of Vision from Inkhuk to MIT,
of The Engineering of Vision
from Constructivism to Computers by Lev Manovich
Recent Contributions to the Mathematical Theory of Communication, Warren Weaver, pp. 95-117 in The Mathematical Theory of Communication, University of Illinois Press, 1949.
|A century or so of analogical reasoning||Chapters 1 and 5, The Analogical Mind, Gentner, Holyoak & Kokinov, MIT Press, 2001.|
|October 19||Mike Cole||Culture and cognitive science "in the beginning"||Norman, D. A. (1980). Twelve issues for cognitive science.
Cognitive Science, 4, 1-32.
Chapters 1, 2, 3, and epilogue, The Mind's New Science: A History of the Cognitive Revolution, Howard E. Gardner, Basic Books, 2nd ed., 1987.
|October 26||Wayne Martin||The Logic and Phenomenology of Judgment: Instructive Failures in the History of Cognitive Science||David Hume (1739), A Treatise of Human Nature,
Book I, Part 3, § vii: Of the nature of the idea, or belief
Benjamin Libet (1985), Unconscious Cerebral Initiative and the Role of Conscious Will in Voluntary Action, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol. 8, pp. 529-566.
Michael Shadlen et al. (2001), Neural Computations that Underlie Decisions about Sensory Stimuli, Trends in Cognitive Science, vol. 5:1, pp. 10-16.
|November 2||Michael Arbib||From cybernetics to computational neuroscience: The metaphorical brains||Chapter 1, A Historical Perspective, from Arbib,
M.A., 1987, Brains, Machines and Mathematics, Second Edition, Springer
Arbib, M.A., 2000, Warren McCulloch's Search for the Logic of the Nervous System, Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 43:193-216.
Arbib, M.A., 1998, The metaphorical brains, Artificial Intelligence, 101:323-335.
|November 9||Alan Kay||User Interfaces and Educational Computing|
|November 16||Joseph Goguen||Social and cultural issues, distributed cognition, and
"The first paper is an overview of the current state of
the field of
Studies by Joseph Goguen, to appear in Encyclopaedia of Science
and Religion, Macmillan 2002.
A Cultural-Historical View of Human Nature by Michael Cole and Karl Levitin.
Towards a Social, Ethical Theory of Information by Joseph Goguen, pp. 27-56 in Social Science Research, Technical Systems and Cooperative Work, edited by Geoffrey Bowker, Les Gasser, Leigh Star and William Turner, Erlbaum, 1997.
The Embodied Mind by Francisco Varela, Evan Thompson, and Eleanor Rosch, MIT 1991: chapter 11, and optionally, chapter 3. These chapters can now be printed from new links on the e-reserves web site.
|November 30||Robert Kluender||Topic: Revisiting Language and Thought by Chomsky.||Noam Chomsky, Language and Thought, 1993. Concentrate on pp. 33-53 and 71-93, and the discussion by Schwartz.|
|date||speaker||title and abstract||summary|
|Charles Elkan||Introduction and overview|
|September 28||Clark Glymour||Freud and contemporary cognitive science
In the late 19th century the medical school at the University of Vienna, where Freud was a student, researcher and post-doctoral lecturer was the European center for the emerging subject of cognitive neuropsychology. In 1891 using his own connectionist perspective, Freud produced a devastating attack on neuropsychological models and methods in aphasia research. By 1895 he had developed a mixed connectionist model, including essentially what psychologists nowadays call the Hebb synapse, and a qualitative idea of Darwinian computational models. His work on aphasia bears close resemblance to Martha Farah's work on Visual Agnosia, and his mixed model is in many respects similar to John Anderson's ACT* model.
The problems with Freud's ambition to turn clinical and anatomical data into an empirically well established theory of cognitive functioning became apparent to Freud, and his interests turned elsewhere. Arguably many of the same problems beset similar approaches to contemporary cognitive psychology.
|October 5||Lev Manovich||Information Theory, Human-Machine Systems and the Birth
of Cognitive Science, or from "Human Motor" to "Human Information Processing"
My talk will focus on the history of the key paradigm which underlies not only modern computer science but also cognitive science: information theory. How, when and why scientists came to assume that human perceptual and mental performance can be described using information theory? Information theory emerged in the 1920s in response to the growth of modern telecommunications. The theory was originally developed by engineers in order to measure the efficiency of communication systems, such as telephone, radio, and television. In the late 1940s the theory left its engineering context and was taken up by psychologists faced with the practical task of designing human-machine systems which increasingly came to dominate both the battlefield and the workplace after World War II (radar screen, aircraft controls, computer terminals of the automated factory). Information theory became a language used to characterise communication between a human and a machine, the two linked in a human-machine system. It also became an intellectual foundation for the new field of cognitive science aimed to describe the human in information processing and computational terms.
|A century or so of analogical reasoning||Bob Williams|
|October 19||Mike Cole||Culture and cognitive science "in the beginning"||Katherine DeLong|
|October 26||Wayne Martin||The Logic and Phenomenology of Judgment: Instructive
Failures in the History of Cognitive Science
I draw on the (recent and not-so-recent) history of cognitive science to illuminate a challenge facing contemporary experimental approaches to the neurophysiology of cognition. My focus is the cognitive phenomenon of judgment, and in particular three attempts to tackle this phenomenon experimentally. One of the experimental approaches comes from more-or-less ancient history: David Hume's attempt to develop a theory of belief in his Treatise of Human Nature (1739). Of the other two, one is recent (Benjamin Libet on unconscious cerebral initiative) and one is contemporary (Michael Shadlen on the neural computation of decision). I identify a common challenge that figures in all three approaches: an adequate theory of judgment must somehow do justice both to the broadly logical features of judgment and to its psychological and phenomenological features. I show how in Hume's case, the tensions between these two commitments lead to a rather dramatic experimental failure. I then assess attempts by modern experimentalists to navigate the challenge dramatized by Hume's failure.
|November 2||Michael Arbib||From cybernetics to computational neuroscience: The metaphorical
This talk will be an account of the work of Warren McCulloch and his own experience in schema theory and brain modeling to chart (one view of) the historical relation between cybernetics, connectionism and current work in Computational and Cognitive Neuroscience.
|November 9||Alan Kay||User Interfaces and Educational Computing
I will show lots of AV and give some demos of old and current states of the arts.
|Joe Drish, Hector Jasso|
|November 16||Joseph Goguen||Social and cultural issues, distributed cognition, and
This talk will survey the state of the art of consciousness studies, with some emphasis on its relation to cognitive science; it will also review the rise and fall of cognitivism, particularly in relation to its problems with consciousness. In choosing topics and positions, I will draw on my experience as editor in chief of the Journal of Consciousness Studies.
|November 30||Robert Kluender||Topic: Revisiting Language and Thought by Chomsky.||Jelena Jovanovic,
The seminar meets every Friday from September 21 through November 30, except November 23 because of Thanksgiving. Starting September 28, there will be a speaker from 2:20pm to 4:10pm, in room CSB 003. All faculty and students are welcome to this main seminar. There will also be a meeting for registered students only before each speaker, from 12:20pm to 1:40pm, in CSB 003 also.
Graduate students should register for four units through Student Link, using course id 412725. To receive an S ("satisfactory") evaluation a student must:
The seminar will stress the history of cognitive science as it is relevant today, and the basic concepts and categories that people use in their research, maybe without examining them, more than more abstruse philosophical ideas. The following are some representative possible topics; for actual topics see the list of speakers below.
Cog Sci 200 participants may also be interested in the UCSD Human Development
Program seminar series on Symbolic
Jean-Pierre Dupuy, Aux origines des sciences cognitives (Paris: La Découverte, 1994).
Jean-Pierre Dupuy, The
Mechanization of the Mind: On the Origins of Cognitive Science,
Princeton University Press, 2000.
Most recently updated on December 4, 2001 by Charles Elkan, firstname.lastname@example.org.