Limitations on Transformations from Composite-Order to Prime-Order Groups: The Case of Round-Optimal Blind Signatures

By Sarah Meiklejohn and Hovav Shacham.

Cryptology ePrint Archive, report 2013/657, Oct. 2013.


An asymmetric pairing over groups of composite order is a bilinear map e: G1 × G2GT for groups G1 and G2 of composite order N = pq. We observe that a recent construction of pairing-friendly elliptic curves in this setting by Boneh, Rubin, and Silverberg exhibits surprising and unprecedented structure: projecting an element of the order-N2 group G1 ⊕ G2 onto the bilinear groups G1 and G2 requires knowledge of a trapdoor. This trapdoor, the square root of a certain number modulo N, seems strictly weaker than the trapdoors previously used in composite-order bilinear cryptography.

In this paper, we describe, characterize, and exploit this surprising structure. It is our thesis that the additional structure available in these curves will give rise to novel cryptographic constructions, and we initiate the study of such constructions. Both the subgroup hiding and SXDH assumptions appear to hold in the new setting; in addition, we introduce custom-tailored assumptions designed to capture the trapdoor nature of the projection maps into G1 and G2. Using the old and new assumptions, we describe an extended variant of the Boneh-Goh-Nissim cryptosystem that allows a user, at the time of encryption, to restrict the homomorphic operations that may be performed. We also present a variant of the Groth-Ostrovsky-Sahai NIZK, and new anonymous IBE, signature, and encryption schemes.



@misc{meiklejohn-shacham:composite:eprint13, author = {Sarah Meiklejohn and Hovav Shacham}, title = {New Trapdoor Projection Maps for Composite-Order Bilinear Groups}, howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Report 2013/657}, year = 2013, note = {\url{}}, }

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