3. GROUNDLESSNESS AND COEMERGENCE
Algebraic semiotics might seem to conflict with claim that design is groundless.
But this arises from implicit mathematical Platonism,
vs. continual groundless social reconstruction of world/meaning.
This reconstruction is Buddhist pratityasamutpada,
literally "dependent arising", translated codependence or coemergence (Dogen Zenji).
Nothing exists by itself, but everything is interdependent; i.e., arises with other things.
Lack of ground follows from coemergence.
Nishitani says much Western history is progressive doubt of absolutes;
he identifies two extreme responses:
Our use of mathematical formalisms is pragmatic, agile, flexible, and adaptive, not absolute, rigid, and reductionist, but far from arbitrary.