1. INTRODUCTION AND MOTIVATION
Computer systems are integrated on ever larger scales:
but parallel development on the human side is even more important:
- logic gates, LSI, VLSI, chipsets, PCs, LANs, WANs, grids, web, internet,
Organizations integrate communication & computation ("convergence")
to better coordinate quasi-independent units (neither centralized nor
independent) on global scale (e.g., systems engeering and the "enterprise
- isolated single users, time sharing, groupware, communities (P2P),
ubiquitous, wireless, context-aware multimodal mobile computing.
Thus social & cultural issues become ever more crucial.
CSCW, ethnomethodology & sociology of technology help us to
In this sense, values are the essence of social interaction,
- see values in all situations, and
- see that values give situations the coherence that lets us understand
and thus of contemporary IT.
The Value Sensitive Design of Batya Friedman, Peter Kahn, Alan Borning &
others is less formal & more focused on large gran values, like informed
consent, privacy, universal accesability and democracy; however, their
approach is very close in spirit to our approach.