CSE 87D Winter 2006, Notes 0
Stories, Computers and Semiotics
Constructed with significant input from Fox Harrell.
- Narratology: The study of narrative.
- Medium: A material form which can be used for communication, such
as DVD, PC, and newspaper.
- Genre: a style of using a medium, such as novel, murder mystery,
- Trope: A formulaic word or phrase, or a common rhetorical strategy.
- meta-: a prefix meaning "about," as in "meta-narrative" or
"meta-logic" or "meta-programming." [This comes from ancient Greek.]
- para-: a prefix meaning "derivative from" or "dependent on."
Examples include para-medic, para-legal, and para-narrative, which means a
genre of narrative. [This comes from ancient Greek.]
- Stack: a linear data structure for which items can only be added
or deleted at one end, called the "top."
- Projection: Mapping characteristics, suppositions, attitudes, etc.
from one conceptual space to another. [This is a concept from cognitive
- Parable: A story which is projected onto another story or real
life, often illustrating a moral or religious point. [This is Mark Turner's
cognitive analysis, not the usual dictionary definition.]
- Causality: The principle of cause and effect.
- Closure: A bringing to an end; a conclusion. In literature closure
indicates an accompanying sensation of finality with the completion of a work.
- Metanarrative: A way of thinking that tries to provide definitive,
- Postmodernism: Although its Latin etymology literally means "after
what is now," this term refers to a philosophical and cultural movement, the
central premise of which is the rejection of all metanarratives.
- Semiotics: The study of signs or sign systems; applies to any kind
of sign, not just words.
- Langue: Language viewed as a system, including vocabulary, grammar,
and pronunciation of a particular community. [An important term in Saussure's
semiotics, in contrast with "parole" - see below.]
- Parole: Language viewed as the speech of individuals. [An
important term in Saussure's semiotics, in contrast with "langue" - see
- Intertextuality: Used by literary theorists to designate the
complex ways in which a given text relates to other texts. Claim every text
is understood within a mosaic of other texts. [Introduced by Julia Kristeva,
intended to replace the notion of intersubjectivity.]
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