Technology trends, design examples.
2. Transistors and Gates
Energy delay trade-offs, voltage scaling, leakage current.
3. Flip-Flops and Memory
Noise margin, voltage scaling, leakage current.
4. Function Blocks
Algorithms, architectures, logic styles.
5. Clock and Power Distributions
Clock generations, clock gating, power regulators, power gating.
6. Buses and IOs
Interconnect, switches, routers, transmission lines, equalizers.